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OZ Aesthetic


What is dandruff?

Dandruff is a mild form of seborrheic dermatitis, a skin condition that causes scaling. Dandruff only happens on the scalp, whereas seborrheic dermatitis affects the whole body. With dandruff, the scalp becomes dry and sheds white skin flakes that often fall on the collar and shoulders. It can also cause the scalp to become itchy.

Dandruff is a common condition among adolescents and adults that live in tropical climates such as Singapore. The heat and humidity allow yeast and microorganisms to thrive, making it difficult for many people to beat dandruff. High levels of stress and a poor diet can also worsen dandruff.

What causes dandruff?

The exact cause of dandruff has not been determined, but is linked to the overgrowth of a yeast-like fungus called Malassezia Globosa that feeds on the scalp oils.

Other indirect causes that may worsen dandruff include:

  • Oily and irritated skin
  • Dry skin
  • Skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema
  • Certain hair products
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Certain neurological diseases
  • Stress
  • Poor diet and nutrition
  • Not shampooing enough or shampooing too often

What are the types and symptoms of dandruff?

  • Dry and flaky skin on the scalp
  • Itchy and oily scalp

Is dandruff painful?

Dandruff can be uncomfortable and itchy, especially when it’s severe. It can also be embarrassing and impact one’s self-esteem.

How is dandruff diagnosed?

There is no specific test to diagnose dandruff. Dandruff is often diagnosed by a doctor or dermatologist, who can examine your scalp for the severity of the condition and take note of your medical history.

Who is at risk of dandruff in Singapore?

Anyone can develop dandruff, but certain risk factors can make you more susceptible. These include:


Dandruff often starts in puberty and continues until late adulthood


In general, males experience dandruff more than men

Medical conditions:

  • Neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease.
  • Recipients of organ transplants.
  • Having human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Previously had a stroke or heart attack

Having existing skin conditions such as:

  • Psoriasis
  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Rosacea
  • Eczema
  • Chronic dry skin

Taking certain medications including:

  • Psolaren
  • Interferon
  • Lithium

Having a stressful lifestyle

What are the treatment options for dandruff?

Dandruff is a treatable condition, especially in the early stages. The treatment options include:

Hair therapies

Targeted hair therapies combat dandruff by treating the skin on the scalp. We offer the following treatment for dandruff:


Our hydro dermabrasion treatment combines hydration and exfoliation to treat dandruff problems. It works by effectively removing sebum, flakes and product build-up and infusing serums into the scalp.

Anti-dandruff hair products and medicated shampoos

Hair shampoo and conditioners that have been specifically formulated for anti-dandruff properties can be used regularly to target the scalp condition. They usually contain ingredients such as selenium sulfide and zinc pyrithione to combat dandruff and dry skin on the scalp. Medicated shampoos may also be recommended for those who have chronic dandruff.

Lifestyle changes

As stress can make dandruff worse, lifestyle changes can help prevent worsening of symptoms. Maintaining a healthy diet, along with getting enough sleep and exercise can be beneficial for improving scalp health.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I stop dandruff?

Generally, targeted hair therapies or dandruff shampoos can help stop dandruff. Consult a doctor to find out the best options for you.

Should I wash my hair more if I have dandruff?

Having dandruff doesn’t mean you are not washing your hair enough. In fact, you may be washing your hair too much. Seek medical advice if you’re not sure if you should be washing your hair more or less often to combat dandruff.

What makes dandruff worse?

Having a skin condition like psoriasis, high levels of stress or even changing shampoos can exacerbate your dandruff.

How long does it take to treat dandruff?

Depending on the treatment, it can take a few weeks to see results.

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Somerset Singapore 238164

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