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OZ Aesthetic

Dry Skin

Patient suffering from acne scars

What is dry skin?

Dry skin (xeroderma) is a broad term for skin that doesn’t have enough moisture and hydration to keep it soft and supple. The result is dry patches of skin that are flaky or scaly. Severe dry skin may crack and bleed, and even become infected. 

What causes dry skin?

There are many causes of dry skin, depending on the individual. These are the most common:

Contact with irritants

Repeated contact with irritants may cause an allergic reaction for some people, resulting in dry skin patches. Some examples of these irritants include:

  • Medication
  • Jewellery
  • Fabrics
  • Cosmetics
  • Detergents

Skin conditions 

Some skin conditions can cause dry skin that may also be itchy, scaly and flaky. These include:

  • Eczema
  • Athlete’s foot
  • Psoriasis

Lack of hydration

Living in cold and dry conditions strips the skin of its natural moisture, leading to dry skin. If your body is constantly dehydrated, your skin also becomes dry. Overbathing may also lead to dry skin. Too much sun exposure can also dry the skin.


As you get older, your skin loses its ability to retain moisture. People over the age of 60 are more susceptible to dry skin.

What are the types and symptoms of dry skin?

  • Rough skin
  • Patches of dry skin
  • Flaky and/or scaly skin
  • Skin tightness 
  • Ashy skin (normally on dark-coloured skin)
  • Cracked skin that may bleed
  • Itchiness 
  • Red and inflamed skin

Is dry skin painful?

Dry skin can be uncomfortable and painful in some cases. When it becomes severe, dry skin patches can crack and bleed, leading to infection. Dry skin can also cause itchiness and inflammation.

How is dry skin diagnosed?

Dry skin is often diagnosed through an examination by your doctor. If an underlying cause is suspected, further tests may be ordered.

What are the treatment options for dry skin?

Treatment for dry skin varies depending on the severity and underlying causes. Some common treatment options include:

Facial treatments

Regularly going for facial therapies that infuse the skin with moisture can dramatically improve dry skin on the face. Some that we offer include:

To nourish the skin and prevent it from becoming too dry, the Derma HA Infusion treatment is a simple yet effective solution that combines hyaluronic acid and microneedling. Penetrating the skin deeply with hydration, microneedling infused HA serums while hyaluronic acid plumps up the skin for a youthful and supple appearance. 

Similar to the Derma HA Infusion treatment, this programme takes it a step further by adding LDM (Local Dynamic Micro-massage). This technology delivers ultrasound waves to massage and rejuvenate the skin and prevent anti-aging effects.

Lifestyle changes

  • Making lifestyle changes can help in combating chronic dry skin. These include:
  • Drinking sufficient water
  • Applying moisturising lotion after shower
  • Using gentle and fragrance-free soap
  • Maintaining a healthy and nutritious diet
  • Using a humidifier to keep the air moist

Topical prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) creams

If your dry skin is moderate to severe, your doctor may prescribe or recommend medicated creams to target dry skin conditions.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you fix dry skin?

A combination of facial therapies and lifestyle changes can improve dry skin. Consult a dermatologist to find out the best options for your skin type.

What is the main cause of dry skin?

There are many causes of dry skin, the most common being sun damage and lack of hydration in the body.

What foods cause dry skin?

Some foods can cause your skin to dehydrate. These include caffeinated beverages, alcohol, salty and sugary foods.

Does dry skin go away on its own?

While mild dry skin may resolve on its own, it may become worse if left untreated.

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Somerset Singapore 238164

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