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OZ Aesthetic

Hair Loss

What is hair loss?

The hair growth cycle goes through four stages. First, during the anagen stage, hair starts to grow actively, a phase that lasts for years. Then, during the catagen phase, hair stops growing and starts to separate from the follicle. This stage lasts approximately 10 days. Then, during the telogen phase, the follicle stays put for two to three months then falls out. The cycle then begins all over again at the anagen stage with new hair growth.

When this cycle is disrupted and new hair doesn’t replace the ones that’s fallen out, hair loss issues occur. This includes bald patches, a receding hairline and thinning hair.

What causes hair loss?

On average, humans lose approximately 50-100 hairs a day. It’s usually not noticeable because new hair replaces the ones that are lost. When new hair doesn’t grow back, this leads to hair loss issues such as thinning hair and bald patches. Hair loss can also occur when hair follicles become damaged and are replaced by scar tissue.

There are many reasons why hair loss happens:


  • Aging can cause hair loss, which is usually a hereditary condition.
  • Often referred to as androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness.

Medical conditions:

  • Alopecia areata - an immune system-related disorder that causes patchy hair loss
  • Scalp infections such as ringworm
  • Tricotilomania - a hair-pulling disorder

Hormonal and metabolic conditions

Hormonal conditions such as pregnancy, childbirth, menopause and thyroid problems can cause temporary or permanent hair loss for women.


Taking certain medications can trigger hair loss for some people.

Stress and illness

A highly stressful or traumatic event can lead to temporary hair loss. Having an illness for a long period of time can also trigger hair loss.

Hair treatments

Harsh chemicals from hair treatments can damage hair follicles, leading to hair loss.

Nutritional deficiencies

Lack of certain vitamins, namely riboflavin, biotin, folate, and vitamin B12, has been linked to hair loss.

What are the types and symptoms of hair loss?

There are a few different types of hair loss and corresponding symptoms:

Androgenetic Alopecia

The most common type of hair loss, androgenetic alopecia is also known as male pattern hair loss and female pattern hair loss. Men and women experience this condition in slightly different ways. Here are the key symptoms:

Male Pattern Hair Loss

  • Hair loss starts above the temples, then continues around the perimeter and top of the head.
  • Often starts after puberty, progressing over the following years.
  • In many cases, men with male pattern hair loss become bald.

Female Pattern Hair Loss

  • Hair gradually thins around the scalp.
  • Can begin any time after puberty, but often occurs in late adulthood.
  • Rarely leads to baldness.

Temporary hair loss (telogen effluvium)

Some people experience this condition after a physical or emotional shock, whereby the hair generally thins for several months after the event. It may also be caused by stress, vitamin deficiencies, rapid weight loss and taking certain medications.

When the body gets stressed, hairs in the anagen stage of the hair cycle abruptly enter the telogen phase (rest stage). This disruption causes large amounts of hair to shed quickly. It is a temporary condition and the hair cycle eventually resumes back to normal. Symptoms include:

  • Excessive shedding of hair
  • Thinning of hair

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata causes the immune system to attack hair follicles, leading to hair loss issues. Both men and women can get alopecia areata. Although it runs in families, anyone can get it regardless of family history.

This disease may be confused with telogen effluvium as the symptoms are similar. However, with alopecia areata, hair loss occurs in patches and doesn’t always grow back. The main symptoms are:

  • Patchy baldness that develops anywhere on the body
  • Permanent baldness
  • Receding hairline
  • Thinning hair along the crown of the scalp

Traction alopecia

This type of hair loss occurs with regular hairstyling that pull the hair too tight and cause damage to the hair follicles, such as braids and cornrows. The symptoms of this condition are:

  • Receding hairline
  • Patches of hair loss where the hair is being pulled
  • Broken hairs

Is hair loss painful?

Hair loss is generally not a painful condition. However, the skin on your scalp may become inflamed or itchy due to hair loss.

How is hair loss diagnosed?

A dermatologist can diagnose your hair loss upon visual examination and a detailed medical history.

Who is at risk of hair loss in Singapore?

If you have a family history of balding and hair loss, you may be at risk of developing it as well. Being pregnant may also put you at risk of hair loss, although it is usually temporary. Having certain medical, hormone and thyroid conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) may also be a risk factor for hair loss.

What are the treatment options for hair loss?

Hair regrowth therapies

Targeted therapies can help stimulate hair growth and improve balding. We offer the following treatment for hair loss:

Miracle Hair Exosomes

Combining the regenerative effects of exosome therapy and microneedling, this programme uses injectable scalp treatments to help cells regain their healing abilities to grow new hair in bald spots.

Prescription treatments and supplements

Your doctor may recommend prescription creams, supplements and medication available for those looking to improve their hair growth.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I stop losing my hair?

If you’re experiencing hair loss, stop using hair products and styling tools. Consult a doctor to find out the underlying cause.

How much hair loss is normal?

Everyone loses hair daily, especially during brushing and showering. However, if you notice too much hair loss and/or bald spots, it may be severe.

Which illness causes hair loss?

Alopecia areata is an immune-system related illness that causes hair loss.

At what age do people start to experience hair loss?

Generally, people begin experiencing hair loss in their 30s and 40s. Hair loss accelerates when you reach your 50s and 60s.

Can hair grow back after hair loss?

Depending on the reason for hair loss, hair regrowth is possible through lifestyle changes, targeted therapies and medication.

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Somerset Singapore 238164

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